Flat feet, also known as fallen arches, are a widespread foot condition that affects many individuals. It is important to note that having flat feet puts individuals at a higher risk of developing plantar fasciitis, a condition known for causing discomfort and pain in both the heel and arch of the foot. This condition occurs when the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of the foot, becomes inflamed. Taking proper measures and seeking appropriate treatment is crucial for managing the symptoms and preventing further complications associated with these conditions.
Plantar fasciitis, a common foot condition, often presents itself with heel spurs, which are calcium deposits that form beneath the heel bone. These spurs are a result of the repetitive stress placed on the heel over time. Such stress can be caused by various factors, including excessive physical activity, poor footwear choices, and biomechanical abnormalities. The presence of heel spurs serves as an indicator that an individual may be suffering from plantar fasciitis. By understanding the relationship between these two conditions, it becomes easier to diagnose and treat the underlying cause of heel pain.
Excessive pronation is a common foot condition that results in an inward rolling motion during walking or running, leading to a higher likelihood of getting injured. This biomechanical issue can have far-reaching effects on your overall musculoskeletal health, manifesting as discomfort throughout your body. Rather than efficiently absorbing the impact of each stride, overpronation redirects the shock towards other areas such as the legs, knees, hips, and spine. This not only impairs your regular movement, but it also leaves you susceptible to various pain and injury concerns.
People with flat feet, low arches or overly flexible arches tend to overpronate more than those with strong arch types. Overpronation can put your leg, foot and knee out of alignment which could lead to issues such as plantar fasciitis, bunions and calluses.
Overpronation is a biomechanical condition that can be treated conservatively. Your doctor may suggest orthotics, which will reduce excessive pronation and improve your foot posture. Furthermore, strengthening exercises may help shield against further damage caused by overpronation.
Tight Achilles Tendon
Tightness in the Achilles tendon can cause pain and inflammation of the plantar fascia, a band of tissue connecting the heel bone to calf muscle. This condition may result in a lower arch or flat feet.
Typically, people experience pain at the bottom of their foot that worsens with walking or exercising and usually develops gradually over time. Symptoms may include swelling, warmth, and tenderness at this location.
A physical examination can help your doctor pinpoint the source of your symptoms. They might inspect your foot and ankle to check for a tear in the Achilles tendon or other issues.
Treatment typically consists of over-the-counter painkillers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), ice/heat therapy and stretching exercises. If the pain doesn’t improve after taking these measures, surgery may be necessary to debride and repair your Achilles tendon. Your doctor may use a machine that sends shockwaves directly onto the injured part of the tendon or inject blood or platelet-rich plasma into it in an effort to speed healing.
Poor Foot Mechanics
Flat feet and abnormal foot movement can put undue strain on the plantar fascia, which runs along the bottom of your foot. This may lead to inflammation in this tissue as well as pain.
The body is designed to take coordinated steps and distribute weight efficiently. Furthermore, it must absorb shock when walking or running.
When coordination fails, abnormal foot motions may result and lead to chronic pain issues.
Foot problems can lead to various injuries, such as plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis and Morton’s neuroma (inflammation of the nerve connecting the heel bone). Overuse of your feet may also aggravate these conditions.
Flat feet are a relatively common foot deformity that affects 10-20% of the population. Having flat feet can put extra strain on the plantar fascia, the band of tissue connecting the heel bone to your arch.
Genetics is the study of how traits such as eye color and an increased risk for certain diseases are passed on from parents to offspring. It’s a crucial area in biology.
Studies have suggested genetics may play a role in some foot deformities, such as flat feet and plantar fasciitis. Other potential causes for this condition include injury, obesity, and certain health conditions.
Preventing or managing foot pain begins with avoiding activities that place undue strain on your heels. Additionally, wearing shoes that support your arch and evenly distribute impact is key for optimal comfort.
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