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The Benefits of Hydrotherapy and Aquatic Exercise For Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a prevalent ailment characterized by a sharp, stabbing sensation originating from the underside of the foot. Although this condition typically resolves on its own, the healing process can be protracted, often spanning several months or even up to a year before complete recovery is achieved.

Fortunately, there are methods available to help alleviate discomfort and speed up the healing process. One effective approach is through the use of water therapy.


The plantar fascia, a robust tissue that extends from the heel to the toes, can experience strain and discomfort when engaging in activities like walking or running. Continuous pressure on this band may lead to irritation and the development of pain, specifically in the foot or arch area. It is important to be mindful of these potential issues to ensure proper foot health and prevent any potential discomfort.

Hydrotherapy and aquatic exercise can provide temporary relief from symptoms while improving range of motion, strength and fitness level.

Water acts as a natural shock absorber, relieving stress on joints and helping to prevent injury while increasing flexibility.

Hydrotherapy offers the unique opportunity to strengthen muscles and joints while in a secure, comfortable setting.

These exercises can strengthen your calf and leg muscles, improving your gait for increased endurance when walking. A physiotherapist can teach specific stretching and strengthening exercises tailored to you individually.


Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the thick band of tissue under your foot that connects the heel bone to your toes. You may experience pain at the bottom of your feet upon waking up or after prolonged walking or standing.

Age, weight, poor footwear and weak or tight calf and ankle muscles can all lead to this condition; fortunately it usually resolves on its own within three to 12 months with proper treatment if you follow an effective treatment plan.

Physical therapists can help you reduce your pain and get moving again with exercises and stretches designed to improve the mechanics of your feet. Plus, they’ll teach you how to do these stretches and exercises correctly so that you get maximum benefit from them.

Another technique that may help with plantar fasciitis is dry needling, which uses fine needles to release trigger points on the plantar fascia. Studies have indicated this technique to be relatively painless and provide temporary relief; however, it may take up to 3 or 4 sessions before full effects are felt.

Relieves Pain

Plantar fasciitis is a painful condition caused by inflammation of the thick band of connective tissue (fascia) connecting the heel bone to the toes. When this fascia becomes overloaded due to excess weight, inadequate footwear, or weak or dysfunctional calf and ankle muscles, microtears may form in its tissue.

Hydrotherapy and aquatic exercise are an effective way to reduce pain, increase muscle strength, mobility and balance. The water’s buoyancy and warmth make it a great alternative for land based exercises when dealing with joint discomfort; additionally, the sensory stimulation provided by the water helps combat stress and anxiety.

Another effective treatment for plantar fasciitis is contrast hydrotherapy, which involves alternate between hot and cold water temperatures. The hot water stimulates tissue, relieving pain while the cold soothes inflammation.


Hydrotherapy and aquatic exercise for plantar fasciitis provide physical and psychological relaxation, as the warm water helps your muscles loosen up, increases blood flow, and reduces pain.

Exercise in the water is also a great way to reduce stress and anxiety, two factors which may contribute to foot pain or stiffness. The buoyancy of the water makes exercises easier while protecting tender points common in plantar fasciitis.

Another advantage of aqua fitness is its low-impact, high-intensity workout that can substitute traditional land-based exercises for those with fibromyalgia or arthritis. Warm water helps reduce post-workout muscle soreness and delays muscle fatigue in many people.


You might also like to read:

Plantar Fasciitis
Understanding the Role of Genetics in Plantar Fasciitis Susceptibility
The Connection between Plantar Fasciitis and Lower Back Pain: What You Need to Know

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