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What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

what causes plantar fasciitis

One of the most frequent causes of heel pain is plantar fasciitis. This condition occurs when the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that extends from the heel to the toes on the underside of the foot, becomes overstrained.

When it comes to treating your symptoms, the initial approach typically involves rest, icing, and taking anti-inflammatory medication. However, if these methods do not bring you relief, your doctor may suggest alternative options such as steroid injections or physical therapy. It’s important to consult with your healthcare provider to determine the best course of action for your specific situation.

Tight Calf Muscles

Tight calves can be a common issue among individuals who engage in activities like running or standing for long periods. Not only can they result in foot discomfort, but they can also make it challenging to flex the foot properly and may even increase the risk of developing conditions like plantar fasciitis.

The calf muscles are made up of the medial and lateral gastrocnemius and the soleus. They connect to the calcaneus (heel bone) and form the Achilles tendon, which attaches to the base of the toes.

These muscles are essential to walking, running, and other activities because they help support the foot. They are also responsible for transmitting the ground reaction force of each step.

If you have tight calves, stretching them can ease pain and improve calf flexibility. Try calf stretches that involve moving your knees and ankles to the side or back, while holding onto something sturdy such as a chair.

Poor Biomechanics

One of the most common causes of plantar fasciitis is poor biomechanics. These problems can put extra strain on the lower limb, causing pain in the feet, knees, hips and spine.

Incorrect walking, running and jumping techniques can also cause biomechanical problems in the feet, affecting the natural alignment of the ankles and feet. This can increase the risk of injuries and affect the performance of athletes.

The foot and ankle are complex anatomical structures that play a vital role in the movement of the body, transmitting forces from the ground up to the rest of the body. If there are problems with the feet, these can cause pain in other parts of the body and may prevent you from enjoying your activities.

Poor biomechanics can be caused by a number of factors, including weight gain, sudden increases in distance or frequency of training, and jobs that require you to stand for long periods of time. Overtime, the stresses placed on the plantar fascia ligament can rip tiny tears in it, causing inflammation and heel pain.

Stress on the Achilles Tendon

The Achilles tendon is one of the largest tendons in the body, connecting your calf muscles to your heel bone. It supports the arch of your foot and absorbs shock when you walk, run, jump or push up on your toes.

As a result of its size, it is susceptible to injuries. Tendons often become irritated and inflamed when they are subjected to repeated or intense stress.

If the irritated and inflamed tissue is not treated, it can lead to chronic inflammation. This can cause a degenerative tear of the tendon.

Men over 30 are especially prone to this injury because of the structure of the Achilles tendon weakening as you age. This can make it more vulnerable to injury, particularly if you’re suddenly increasing your running intensity or have been training on the weekends without stretching or strengthening your calves.

Tight or fatigued calf muscles can place stress on the Achilles tendon at the point where it inserts into your heel bone, called the Achilles tendon insertion. When this happens, it’s called insertional Achilles tendinitis.

Poor Shoes

Wearing shoes that do not fit properly can lead to a variety of problems, including calluses, ingrown toenails and even deformities like hammer toes. The long-term pressure from bad shoes can also affect the muscles and ligaments of the feet, causing them to break down.

Flat shoes that offer little support to the arch of the foot can put too much stress on the plantar fascia. They can also raise your heels higher than they should be, preventing your foot from naturally molding into its correct position.

Heel pain can be particularly pronounced as you get older because the muscles that support your arches start to weaken. This can make the plantar fascia work harder and place a heavier load on the heel, increasing your risk of developing heel pain.


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