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What Causes Heel Pain?

what causes heel pain

If you have heel pain, you may wonder what causes it. There are a number of factors that can cause it. For example, you can have Achilles tendonitis or Tarsal tunnel syndrome. Also, a deformity of your feet called Haglund’s deformity can cause pain.

Achilles tendonitis

The Achilles tendon is a band of fibrous tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is used to perform many athletic movements, including jumping, walking, and running. But it can also get irritated and cause pain.

When this happens, the condition is called Achilles tendonitis. The inflammation around the tendon can lead to rupture of the tendon.

Symptoms of Achilles tendonitis vary from person to person. Some common symptoms include swelling, irritation, and morning stiffness. People with this condition may need to rest their feet to allow the tendons to heal. If the pain continues, they should visit a doctor.

Painkillers such as ibuprofen and naproxen are useful in reducing pain. However, these drugs may cause bleeding, ulcers, or other problems. You should not use these medications unless recommended by a doctor.

Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes heel pain. This is a deterioration of the plantar fascia, a strong band of tissue that runs from the heel to the middle of the foot.

Plantar fasciitis is often caused by overuse injuries. Repeated stresses on the heel bone can cause a tear in the fascia. When the fascia is injured, the body attempts to heal the damage through fibroblastic activity. But continued damage overwhelms the body’s ability to repair itself.

In addition to being painful, plantar fasciitis may also result in a flattening of the foot and a lack of flexibility. Those with plantar fasciitis should avoid activities that put stress on the plantar fascia, such as running.

If your heel hurts, you should consult a podiatrist. They can help you diagnose and treat plantar fasciitis. During your appointment, the doctor will examine your feet and ask you about your medical history. A podiatrist can also recommend ways to ease your heel pain.

Haglund’s deformity

A bony bump on the back of the heel is often called Haglund’s deformity. It is caused by pressure on the Achilles tendon. If left untreated, this problem can become worse.

The condition is most common in middle-aged women. However, it can also affect men. People who wear tight-fitting shoes are at a greater risk of developing this problem. Other risk factors include high arches and people who walk on the outside of their foot.

The symptoms of Haglund’s deformity are pain, inflammation, and bursitis. Bursitis is a condition where the fluid-filled sac that protects the bony prominence becomes inflamed. Pain is caused by the friction between the bone and the bursa.

Treatment of Haglund’s deformity is usually conservative. However, surgery may be required in extreme cases. Surgery involves removing the bony lump and repairing the tendon.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a painful condition that causes tingling, shooting pain, and paresthesia, which is a numbness or a burning sensation in the heel or arch of the foot. It is caused by compression of the tibial nerve, which runs down the lower leg to the ankle. If left untreated, tarsal tunnel syndrome can cause permanent damage to the tibial nerve.

When a person has tarsal tunnel syndrome, they experience symptoms that vary from individual to individual. They may also have a variety of underlying conditions. These include trauma, overuse injury, or a systemic disease.

The symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome typically begin in the inner portion of the ankle, where the tibial nerve enters. However, the symptoms can extend to the heel, calf, and arch. A patient’s symptoms usually improve with rest.

Morton’s neuroma

Morton’s neuroma is a painful condition that affects the ball of the foot. It is caused by entrapment of a common digital plantar nerve. When this nerve is pinched, it causes thickening of the tissue that surrounds it.

Morton’s neuroma is thought to be the result of long-term stress on the nerve, which can occur as a result of wearing high-heeled shoes. In addition, certain foot conditions such as flat feet, hammertoes, and bunions can increase the risk of developing this disorder.

Morton’s neuroma can be treated successfully. Surgical intervention, such as a neurectomy, is effective in removing part of the nerve, while radiofrequency ablation uses an electric current to heat the nerve tissue. This procedure can provide pain relief for up to six months.

Non-surgical options include the use of supportive shoe inserts, massaging the affected area, and taking the shoes off for a few hours each day. Some people also find that switching to lower-heeled shoes can help alleviate their symptoms.


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