Top of foot pain can be caused by a variety of things. From a simple foot cramp to a more serious injury, there are many different reasons why you might be experiencing pain on the top of your foot. However, one thing is certain – you should never ignore pain on the top of your foot.
Extensor tendonitis is a type of inflammation of the tendons that are located along the top of the foot. This inflammation can cause pain and swelling.
The symptoms can range from mild to severe. If you are experiencing foot pain, you may want to consult a doctor. A specialist will determine the causes and treat the condition.
Overuse of the tendons and repetitive motions are common causes of this condition. However, changes in foot biomechanics can also lead to it. For example, runners can suffer from extensor tendonitis if they run on a slippery surface or if they wear shoes that do not fit properly.
Symptoms of extensor tendonitis include swelling, warmth, and tenderness. Pain can also be accompanied by discoloration around the tendon.
You can help prevent this condition by stretching and strengthening your muscles. These exercises can also improve your stamina and reduce inflammation.
Some medications can help ease the pain and swelling. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are available as oral medications or topic ointments.
Sinus Tarsi syndrome
Sinus Tarsi syndrome (STS) is an inflammatory condition that causes pain over the front and outside of the ankle. It is most often caused by an ankle injury or repetitive strain. Symptoms can worsen when walking on an uneven surface or when running.
This condition is frequently misdiagnosed. The symptoms of STS are usually worse in the morning. They also increase after a sporting event or after walking on a rough surface. Patients with sinus tarsitis have difficulty walking on gravel or grass.
During a biomechanical assessment, the podiatrist will evaluate the lower limb for mobility. If there is instability, custom foot orthoses may be recommended. These orthoses help correct abnormal biomechanics and improve posture and lower limb function.
An injection of cortisone into the sinus tarsi can reduce inflammation and relieve pain. A CT scan of the foot can be used to determine the extent of the condition.
Surgical treatment is sometimes necessary. In some cases, surgery involves the removal of all synovial tissue from the lateral contents of the sinus tarsi. Surgical treatment is usually reserved for complex cases. Physiotherapy is also used to treat sinus tarsi syndrome.
Metatarsal stress fracture
If you’re experiencing top of foot pain, you might have a metatarsal stress fracture. These fractures, which occur in the bone on the ball of the foot, are caused by repeated injury.
Metatarsal stress fractures can be a serious problem if they aren’t treated. A doctor may recommend that you take a break from activity and avoid putting weight on the affected area. You can also take ice to reduce the swelling.
Doctors usually recommend that you rest the affected area for a period of six to eight weeks. Then you can gradually start to participate in some of your normal activities.
During the first few weeks, your doctor will give you a list of activities that are safe for your foot. This includes activities like walking, swimming, and cycling.
After you’ve started to participate in some of these activities, you should gradually increase the time and distance you run or walk. Also, your doctor will prescribe special shoes or inserts for your shoes to help support your foot.
Tibialis anterior tendonitis
Tibialis anterior tendonitis causes pain and swelling at the front of the ankle. This can be caused by a variety of factors, such as overuse, rubbing on the tibialis anterior tendon, and even injury.
If you experience these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor. A doctor can treat the condition with physiotherapy, medication, and activity modification. Surgical repair is also an option.
In addition, you can avoid this condition by avoiding activities that increase stress on your tibialis anterior. You may also want to try stretching your calf muscle to reduce strain.
Tibialis anterior tendonitis is commonly treated with physical therapy. The goal of physiotherapy is to reduce inflammation and strengthen the tibialis anterior. Your therapist can help you with your exercises and show you how to walk properly with crutches.
For non-operative treatment, you may be prescribed anti-inflammatory medications. You can also use cold and heat therapy. Cold therapy can be applied for 10 to 15 minutes each two to three hours.
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