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How to Diagnose Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

tarsal tunnel syndrome

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome, or TT, is a condition that affects the ankle joint. It’s caused by an imbalance in the muscle groups around the ankle, and can be quite painful. While there is no cure for TT, you can prevent it. One way to do this is by rotating your ankles regularly.

Ankle rotations help prevent tarsal tunnel syndrome

If you are experiencing pain in the foot and ankle, you might be suffering from Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome. This condition is not an accident, it is a nerve injury that can be treated with a number of simple exercises.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the tibial nerve in the ankle is compressed. It can be caused by overuse, trauma, or a disease.

Ankle rotations can help relieve the pain and inflammation that can accompany this condition. They can also improve your range of motion.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be caused by a number of things, including a chronically swollen foot. In some cases, the condition may be due to an inflammatory condition, such as plantar fasciitis. Symptoms may occur on the inside or outside of the ankle, as well as the arch and heel.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be difficult to diagnose, but it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Treatment will vary depending on the cause of the problem.

Surface sensory studies

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition that can cause burning pain on the plantar surface of the foot. It is often associated with rheumatoid arthritis. The condition is caused by entrapment of the tibial nerve at the ankle. This condition can be diagnosed by measuring pressure in the tarsal tunnel. There are several methods to measure tarsal tunnel pressure.

One method is to record the tibial motor nerve using the abductor hallucis. However, this technique can present technical challenges. Also, this method may not be suitable for all patients.

In a study by Kotnis, a sonographic transducer was placed on the medial malleolus. The tibial motor was then measured using the FHB. Compared to recording from the abductor hallucis, the FHB provides more accurate values and produces clear, negative deflections from baseline.

Another study by Loseth et al investigated the motor function of the tibial nerve in the medial plantar region. This technique was applied to 41 participants and showed good reliability.


Electromyography is a nerve test that measures the electrical conductivity of nerves. It can detect abnormal electrical activity and can help diagnose certain nerve conditions. For example, it can indicate the presence of carpal tunnel syndrome.

The most common symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome are tingling or pain at the bottom of the foot. The cause may be inflammation or compression of the tibial nerve. Treatments include immobilization, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and orthotic insoles. However, patients can also suffer from complications, such as infection.

Electromyography is a common test used to diagnose tarsal tunnel syndrome. During the test, electrodes are inserted through the skin into the muscle. After this, the electrical activity is picked up and displayed on an oscilloscope. In addition to identifying the muscle’s function, it can help determine the damage to the nerve.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the tibial nerve passes through the tarsal tunnel, a narrow space located on the inside of the ankle. This space is formed by ligaments and tendons. When it becomes inflamed, it causes swelling. If it is compressed, it can cause pain, numbness, and tingling.

Magnetic resonance imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging is a diagnostic tool that is very helpful for diagnosing tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS). In MRI, inflammatory changes in the tarsal tunnel can be detected. This is useful for determining the extent of a lesion and enabling surgical planning.

The tarsal tunnel is a fibroosseous channel that stretches from the ankle to the midfoot. It contains the flexor hallucis longus, tibialis posterior, and digitorum longus tendons. If these tendons become compressed, they can cause pain and symptoms of TTS. Several pathologic conditions have been associated with TTS, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ganglion cysts. Surgical treatment can be used to release the tarsal tunnel, but nonsurgical management is also possible.

MR imaging is particularly useful in determining the extent of a lesion, identifying the tibialis posterior nerve, and detecting space-occupying lesions. These processes include ganglion cysts, primary malignant neoplasms, and venous malformations.

A study conducted at the Los Angeles County-University of Southern California Medical Center evaluated 33 patients with 40 feet. All patients complained of pain along the course of the tarsal tunnel. They averaged 40 years of age.


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