If you have heel pain you should look into a few different treatments. Some of these include Achilles tendon rupture, Haglund’s deformity, Plantar fasciitis, and Sinus Tarsi syndrome.
Achilles tendon rupture
Achilles tendon rupture treatment is dependent on a number of factors. For instance, age, gender, and lifestyle can influence the choice of surgery or nonsurgical treatment.
Younger people are more likely to benefit from surgical treatment. However, older individuals may be better served by nonsurgical procedures. Nonsurgical treatments may include a brace, walking boot, or restriction of motion.
Surgical repair of an Achilles tendon injury involves reconnecting the torn ends of the tendon. A surgical incision will be made in the lower leg. This incision is typically a couple inches long. In some cases, the damaged portion of the tendon will need to be removed. If the torn part is not large, the injured area can be reattached with tissues from another part of the foot.
Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the plantar fascia. It is a tenacious, fibrous band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the arch of the foot. This condition is one of the most common orthopedic foot complaints. Symptoms are usually sporadic, but may include pain in the heel or arch of the foot.
Treatment for plantar fasciitis includes resting and changing shoes. Anti-inflammatory medications such as iontophoresis and cortisone injections can also help. In extreme cases, surgery can be an option. Surgery can be performed through a small incision, with local anesthesia.
NSAIDs and cold therapy are also helpful. Taking these medication for a week or two can reduce the pain and swelling in the affected foot. However, they should not be taken for more than 10 days in a row without talking to your doctor.
Haglund’s deformity is a condition where an extra part of the heel bone protrudes above the Achilles tendon. The bulging is often visible to the naked eye, and causes pain when walking. It can also affect the soft tissue in the back of the heel.
This condition is usually treated conservatively. Patients may wear heel pads or custom-made shoes that provide relief from the painful friction. Ice can be applied to reduce swelling, and rest is often recommended to relieve pain.
However, there are times when surgery is necessary. Surgery is performed to remove the bony bump from the heel, and can be done either through an incision on the heel or through a small incision that is inserted through the skin.
Sinus Tarsi syndrome
Sinus Tarsi Syndrome (STS) is an inflammatory disease of the ankle joint that is characterized by pain, swelling, and instability of the subtalar joint. The condition can occur after an injury or repeated strain on the ankle joint.
Treatment options for sinus tarsi syndrome include conservative measures and surgery. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often used to help reduce pain. Some people can also use steroid injections to reduce inflammation.
Orthotic insoles can also be used to correct biomechanical problems of the foot. Surgical treatment may be necessary in cases of chronic arthritis or recurrent trauma.
MRI scans are a common way to visualize the sinus tarsi. An MRI may show excessive fluid in the sinus tarsi canal.
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy is a non-surgical procedure used for heel pain. The procedure involves a hand-held probe that delivers compressed air pulses through an ultrasound gel applied to the tender area. This promotes natural healing and reduces inflammation.
Although ESWT is a non-invasive method, it may cause some mild discomfort. For example, a throbbing sensation and transient red skin may be reported. However, these symptoms are typically temporary and resolve on their own.
In addition, a small percentage of patients develop an infection. It is unclear whether these infections are related to the tibial nerve block that occurs during the procedure.
If you are considering this treatment, you should first contact a physician to discuss the risks and benefits. Also, be sure to follow your scheduled follow-up appointments.
Heel pain can be caused by a number of conditions. It is important to understand your condition before you start any treatment. One of the most effective ways to treat heel pain is with stretching exercises. However, before you begin any stretching exercise, you need to understand how to do it safely.
To do a stretch properly, you need to keep your foot in the ground. This may mean standing on a step, placing a towel under your toes, or a combination of these.
You can also stretch your calf muscles, which can help to relieve your heel pain. A simple calf stretch involves pushing your hips toward a wall in a controlled manner. The resulting stretch should be noticeable. Hold this stretch for at least ten seconds.
You might also like to read: