Heel pain may be a result of a variety of conditions. If you are experiencing heel pain, it is important to consult a physician who is well-versed in diagnosing and treating problems of the foot. Some of the conditions include Plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinopathy, Haglund’s deformity, Sever’s disease, and Calcaneal apophysitis.
Plantar fasciitis is a painful condition that occurs when the ligament of the foot (plantar fascia) becomes inflamed. The pain is generally located at the bottom of the heel. It can be severe enough to stop normal activities and can be debilitating.
If you have been experiencing plantar fasciitis, you can seek help from a podiatrist. A good podiatrist will use an ultrasound to identify the location of the injection. They may also prescribe corticosteroid injections, which reduce inflammation for a longer period of time than anti-inflammatory drugs.
You can avoid plantar fasciitis by keeping your feet flexible. Stretching your calves every day will prevent the ligaments from becoming inflamed. Wearing shoes with good arch support can also help.
Achilles tendinopathy is one of the most common foot injuries. It affects people of all ages. However, it is more likely to occur in older adults. Symptoms include a sharp pain, limited movement, and swelling of the heel. If left untreated, it may worsen to a rupture, which requires surgical repair.
To relieve symptoms, you can try ice, painkillers, and stretching. You should also wear orthotics, which are custom-made to fit your specific feet. This will help you reduce the forces on your Achilles tendon.
If your Achilles tendinopathy doesn’t improve, you may need to see a podiatrist, orthopedic surgeon, or physiotherapist. Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms, your medical history, and your overall health. He or she will then perform a physical examination of your foot and ankle.
Sever’s disease is a painful condition that affects the growth plate of the heel. It usually occurs during a growth spurt. In a young athlete, this can make sports difficult. If left untreated, the pain may worsen over time.
Most children respond to treatment, though, and are able to continue their activity. In some cases, the pain will decrease with rest and icing, and other treatments may include shoe modifications or physical therapy.
For kids who have not responded to conservative treatment, x-rays or other imaging tests are necessary. These tests can help rule out other problems such as bone tumours or infection.
If your child is suffering from pain in the heel area, a podiatrist can help. Heel gel cups, orthotic devices, and splints are available to help alleviate the pain. They can also provide cushion for the heel.
Haglund’s deformity is a condition where the bone of the heel becomes protruded. This causes pain and pressure on the heel. There are several factors that can cause Haglund’s deformity. If you have it, you can treat it to reduce or eliminate your pain.
Haglund’s deformity is most often diagnosed in middle age. People with high arches or hollow feet are more likely to develop it. It’s not always painful, but patients with severe symptoms may require surgery.
You can avoid Haglund’s deformity by using cushioning pads and soft heels to ease the pressure on the back of your heel. Using open-heeled shoes can also decrease the stress on the foot and soft tissues.
Calcaneal apophysitis is a painful condition that affects the growth plate of the heel bone. The growth plate is a cartilage-like tissue that forms the outer edge of the bone when it is fully formed. When it is damaged from overuse, the growth plate can cause inflammation, and this may lead to pain.
This condition is more common in children between eight and fourteen years of age. It is caused by repetitive micro-trauma to the growth plate of the calcaneus. However, it is considered to be a self-limiting condition that typically resolves with rest and ice.
In the case of young athletes, it is possible that this condition is caused by an overuse of the achilles tendon. The tendons in this area can become too tight and pull on the back of the heel, causing irritation to the growth plate.
Heel bursitis is a painful inflammation of the bursa, a small pocket of fluid that surrounds joints and tendons. This type of joint inflammation is caused by a number of factors, including overuse and injury. It can cause significant pain and limit your mobility.
Symptoms of heel bursitis include stiffness of the ankle and calf muscles, redness and tenderness in the area. Inflammation can also lead to infection. Treatment focuses on healing the bursa and restoring normal movement.
If your bursitis is not responding to at-home treatments, consider a visit to a specialist. The doctor can perform a diagnostic ultrasound to identify the bursa and give you a diagnosis. A steroid injection may also be recommended.