If you’re experiencing side of heel pain, it could be caused by a number of different conditions. These include Achilles tendonitis, Plantar fasciitis, Haglund’s deformity, or Tarsal tunnel syndrome. The good news is that there are ways to diagnose and treat your condition.
The achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord that connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. However, it is prone to damage due to overuse or degeneration. Achilles tendonitis is a common condition that causes pain and swelling in the heel.
If you have Achilles tendonitis, you should seek medical care as soon as possible. Treatment for achilles tendonitis aims to reduce pain and inflammation. It may take 3-6 months to heal, but it is possible to recover.
Treatment for achilles tendonitis can include a boot that stabilizes the ankle, a boot that provides support to the calf muscles and custom orthotics. Wearing supportive shoes can also help alleviate pain.
Achilles tendonitis is caused by overuse. Runners, athletes and those who work in jobs that require frequent use of their feet are most at risk for this condition.
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. The condition is caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia, a fibrous band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes. It can occur as a result of a single injury or from an ongoing problem.
Although many cases of plantar fasciitis are treatable at home, some people may require surgery to resolve the symptoms. There are other options for relief, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, stretching, and strengthening exercises.
A doctor can diagnose a plantar fasciitis by performing a physical exam and reviewing your medical history. He or she will check for tenderness, swelling, and redness in the area. They may also perform an ultrasound examination. An ultrasound can reveal calcifications, granulation tissue, and intrasubstance tears.
Retrocalcaneal bursitis is a common condition involving inflammation of the bursae around the heel bone. These bursae are fluid-filled sacs that help to lubricate and protect the bones and joints. However, repeated use of the joint may cause the bursa to become inflamed.
The pain and swelling of retrocalcaneal bursitis can be severe. It is common among athletes and those who engage in physical activities. When left untreated, it can develop into a chronic condition.
Treatment focuses on relieving the pain and swelling in the bursa and improving the patient’s range of motion. If the bursa is infected, antibiotics may be prescribed. In addition, physical therapy may be recommended to reduce the strain placed on the bursa.
A sports medicine physician or podiatrist can diagnose and treat retrocalcaneal bursitis. He or she will ask questions about the patient’s history and activity level. They will also examine the foot to determine the underlying causes of the problem.
Haglund’s deformity is a foot condition that causes a bump on the heel. These bumps are painful, and they may lead to bursitis and Achilles tendonitis. It is usually caused by friction between the shoe and the back of the heel. Symptoms include pain and redness at the area of the heel.
It can be treated with a variety of methods. Non-surgical treatments focus on the body, while surgical treatment focuses on the bone and soft tissue of the foot.
Treatment is often conservative, and includes anti-inflammatory medications, steroid injections, and physical therapy. A surgical procedure called an endoscopy can also be used. In this procedure, a small incision is made and the bone and soft tissue are removed.
There are also stretches and exercises that can help to prevent Haglund’s from developing. This includes strengthening the Achilles tendon, as it is a common cause of the deformity.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition where the tibial nerve becomes irritated. It causes pain in the heel and surrounding area. The pain can be worse when wearing shoes or walking. If left untreated, the problem can lead to permanent nerve damage.
The tibial nerve travels from the arch of the foot to the toes. It branches off of the sciatic nerve. When it gets irritated, it can cause a burning or tingling sensation. This can be felt in the heel, the inner four toes, and the calf.
Patients usually have symptoms that develop gradually. These include a burning or tingling sensation, numbness, and pain in the inner ankle or the inside of the foot. Some patients also have a sharp shooting pain along the tibial nerve.
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